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Peacebuilding Assumptions, Practices and Critiques

17 pages, pdf
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Peacebuilding Assumptions, Practices and Critiques

Publisher: Teresa Almeida Cravo

Volume: 17 pages, pdf


Peacebuilding has become a guiding principle of international intervention in the periphery since its inclusion in the United Nations’ (UN) Agenda for Peace in 1992.1 With the objective of creating the conditions for a selfsustaining peace in order to prevent a return to armed conflict, peacebuilding is directed towards the eradication of the root causes of violence and is necessarily a multifaceted project that involves political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions and security practices, which are understood as complementary and mutually reinforcing.

However, the transition from armed violence to lasting peace has not been easy or consensual. The conception of liberal peace proved particularly limited, and inevitably controversial, and the reality of war-torn societies far more complex than anticipated by international actors that assume activities in the promotion of peace in post-conflict contexts today. With a career full of contested successes and some glaring failures, the current model has been the target of harsh criticism and widespread skepticism.